First and foremost, it is important to note that quantum computing may not replace classical computers. Apart from that, quantum computing is still being researched on extensively, and it might take another decade for it to develop.
What is quantum computing?
The traditional form of computers that we use in our everyday life makes use of binary bits which carry only one of the two states 0 or 1. These binary bits are more like on and off commands for the computers. If you would compare a quantum computer with a classical computer, the former would make use of qubits (also known as quantum bits). It is possible for every quantum bit to have 1 and 0 at the same time. This allows a quantum computer to process and store a significantly larger amount of information with a great number of calculations being processed in parallel. This will take no more than a few seconds. All in all, quantum computing is supposed to be significantly faster as compared to the fastest traditional computers.
Quantum computing rests on the principles of quantum mechanics, also known as quantum physics. Quantum mechanics deals with the mechanics of subatomic, and atomic particles. In quantum computing, entanglement and superposition of particles are the major phenomena. Superposition is a phenomenon according to which it is possible for a quantum bit to possess more than one states at the same time. This allows parallelism and a great speed in quantum computing allowing millions of calculations to run simultaneously.
What are its benefits?
There are a number of beneficial applications of quantum computing. The most commonly known benefits of quantum computing in various industries are listed below:
- Cryptography: Quantum computing allows a greater protection of the assets of people and their digital lives via the use of cryptography.
- Aviation industry: By using quantum computing, it will be possible to make complex aeronautical models and scenarios allowing precise calculations.
- Data Analytics: Quantum computing can be used to analyze a huge amount of data at a time. For instance, NASA aims to make use of quantum computers to analyze data regarding the universe.
- Forecasts: Predictions of weather and other events that have their dependency on complex and large data sets can be made easier by quantum computing.
- Matching patterns: Many businesses and enterprises make use of classical computers to find the trends in data to make predictions. With quantum computing, these predictions will become more effective based on complex patterns in large data sets.
- Medicine: Drugs in the human body can react in a billion ways based on the slight differences that everyone has in their makeup. Quantum computing may allow the use of this data to ease the production of new drugs.
- How can it help technological advances: Technological advances will be increased as the development in quantum computing continues. This is because quantum computers will allow millions of parallel computations hence bringing better results in a short amount of time. These results can be used to design technology efficiently.
Moreover, quantum computing is also expected to revolutionize the face of global artificial intelligence industry. This is because the basic artificial intelligence principle is feedback to the computer. Quantum computing can allow millions of feedbacks at a time hence significantly reducing the learning curve for machines.