What is Ransomware?
Ransomware is a form of malware that restricts the user's access to its system and/or files and may demand payment to restore them. The demand varies based on the type of ransomware, with most demanding Bitcoin as ransom.
How Does Ransomware Spread?
Ransomware spreads in different ways, the most common are:
- Email attachments - A user can receive an email with an attachment that appears harmless. They may then open the attachment, which leads to them downloading ransomware onto their computer. This is also known as "social engineering."
- Fake software updates - Software updates are provided regularly for many programs, including mail clients, antivirus programs, browsers, etc. Malicious programs may display this fake update but in the background, they are actually blocking legitimate updates. This prevents legitimate software from getting newer security updates that can lead to infection.
- Fake browser popups - Mac OSX users are unfortunately not safe from ransomware unless they manually check for updates. Malicious programs use this to download malware on victims' computers after exploiting vulnerabilities in the OSX operating system. This is called a browser exploit.
How Does Rme Ransomware Work?
There are two different variants of Rme Ransomware. The first variant which was seen on January 28, 2016, sent a malicious PDF attachment of a letter from the French Ministry of Internal Affairs to its victims. When opened it would display a fake form requiring personal information and email address. If the user filled in the provided fields and put in their credit card information, it would proceed with encrypting all of their data and make them available for ransom through email@example.com."
The second variant is far more dangerous - It presents a window that claims that there has been some kind of error accessing or opening your file(s) because an unknown party has infected your system with ransomware which you can identify by inspecting the contents of a .locky file named "RME9" found in a folder e.g. c:\documents and settings\username\local settings\temp. After the alert, the user is prompted to pay $500 USD via PayPal within one hour or else their files will be deleted.
How to Remove Rme Ransomware
Destroy the ransomware by using the Windows Task Manager. To do this, go to "Processes" tab, locate file browser.exe or finder.exe then kill process by right-clicking on it and selecting "End Process".
- Restart your computer to temporarily disrupt any active ransomware processes
- Use a program with an antivirus scanner
- Restore your files from a backup if necessary
- Install updates for operating system and installed programs.
How to Protect My Computer From Ransomware
The first important step in removing a ransomware infection is preventing the spread of it. The following tips should be useful in ensuring that you do not become a victim:
Do not open email attachments from unknown sources. As much as possible, avoid opening installers, executables, and other potentially malicious files from the browser. This may be as simple as installing a security program that can detect and block these kinds of files from being downloaded or opening them with anti-virus (AV) software program. If an email claims to be from a company or person that you recognize, open only the attachment in the message - never click on any links within the email.
Always keep anti-malware software up-to-date. Regularly updating your AV software is crucial to protecting your computer from new malware, and it will also help detect if any existing malware has been updated to prevent its spread.
Run regular scans for infections with anti-virus programs, either with real-time scanning or by using scheduled scans. This is especially important if you are using infected computers or devices for anything at all since multiple infections can weaken security protections.