What is Ransomware?
Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts a victim's files and demands payment in exchange for the encryption key. The term was coined by the FBI in late 1999 to describe malicious software designed for this purpose.
Ransomware targets individuals, businesses, government agencies, and national security organizations around the world since many people keep personal data on their computers or on cloud services like Google Drive or Dropbox. Ransomware is also known as crypto locker, because it encrypts data using cryptography techniques to render it unusable until a ransom is paid.
How Does Ransomware Spread?
Ransomware is often contracted by opening an infected email attachment, visiting a compromised website, or clicking on a link in a phishing attack. It may be delivered as part of a larger piece of malware called crimeware, which is typically distributed using other methods. When executed it will either show the ransomware's user interface where the victim can make a payment or it downloads encryption keys from command-and-control servers under the control of the hacker.
How Does Temlo Ransomware Work?
Temlo Ransomware works by encrypting all files in the target directory with a particular encryption algorithm. In exchange for the password to decrypt these files, a victim is asked to pay a ransom of $300 or more. This payment can be done through the Tor network, so people who are being extorted can remain anonymous.
How to Protect My Computer From Ransomware
The best way to avoid ransomware is through constant vigilance and not clicking on links or attachments from unknown sources. It's also important to make sure that your computer is up-to-date with the most recent software patches, upgrades, and antivirus software.