What is Ransomware?
Ransomware is a type of malware that aims to extort a victim and their computer or device. It uses encryption to render the contents of the computer it infects unreadable, then demands payment in order for them to regain access. Ransomware is one of the fastest growing malware categories, and has been in circulation for a few years now.
How Does Ransomware Spread?
Ransomware spreads through compromised websites and downloads. Often, ransomware is delivered through trojan horses, which are a type of malware that pretends to provide legitimate computer software. In fact, the software contained within the trojan is not even necessary for its functioning: all it contains is a small piece of code that performs a deceptive action on the computer such as opening up fake applications or websites. If an unsuspecting user downloads and installs this malware onto their computer or device, they will unknowingly infect themselves with ransomware. From here, the ransomware will automatically begin encrypting files on the computer and attempting to extort its target.
How Does Baxter Ransomware Work?
Baxter Ransomware is a type of malware that uses encryption to restrict access to computer files. Baxter Ransomware is unique because it demands a ransom based on the size of the encrypted file. Baxter Ransomware also uses anti-debugging and anti-virtualization techniques.
Baxter Ransomware spreads through trojans which are installed by its victims unwittingly. Baxter ransomware first checks if there are any existing original files on the system and encrypts them first in order to prevent anyone from accessing them, then it will start encrypting new files and adding strings as new extensions such as “BbBbBbBbBb" in order to identify them for encryption later down the line. When there are no original files on the computer, it also generates its own encoded files and adds them to the system.
The algorithm for encryption is straightforward: it uses the file size of each contained file as a value to encrypt new or existing files. The end hash, which is a unique identifier for each encrypted file, is calculated by calculating SHA-256 hash and then adding 0x00 to it.
The ransom money is paid through any of the available methods that are provided in the ransom note: Bitcoin, Perfect Money, MoneyPak etc.
How to Remove Baxter Ransomware
There are two methods for removing Baxter ransomware: manually or with the help of a malware removal tool.
Manual removal involves stopping the application process related to Baxter ransomware and manually deleting all its copies from your computer, although this may be time-consuming and difficult. Having an antivirus or antimalware system can make this process much easier as it will find and delete any associated files that might have otherwise gone unnoticed.
The other method is to use a malware removal tool, which can not only help remove the threat but make sure your system stays protected in the future by providing real-time protection against malicious programs such as Baxter ransomware.
How to Protect My Computer From Ransomware
There are many ways to protect your computer from ransomware, but as is true with any malware, the protection is not absolute. The most effective way to avoid getting infected by ransomware in the first place is to be aware of the risks and how it spreads. Keeping your computer up-to-date will help close a number of possible loopholes for exploitation.
Two other important steps are backing up your files and installing an antivirus or antimalware program on your computer. This will help find and remove malicious malware that may have already slipped through defenses, which can greatly reduce the consequences of a ransomware attack or even prevent it altogether.