What is Ransomware?
Ransomware is a type of malware that prevents your computer from accessing their files until you either pay, or meet certain requirements (such as send the hacker information about yourself or purchase software). It uses a technique called cryptoviral extortion in which it encrypts its files on the affected computer, and then asks for money in exchange for the decryption keys. To prevent you from being able to access your data without paying ransom, many ransomware viruses take important system files hostage, by encrypting them so that they will be useless unless you pay.
How Does Ransomware Spread?
Ransomware spreads through the use of spam emails. A ransomware virus is typically bundled with other files (often attachments like PDF or DOC files) and sent to people without their permission, and often without their knowledge. Once the ransomware virus has infected your system, it will encrypt all of your data (files on your PC) so that you can't access it until you pay a ransom.
Some ransomware viruses ask for payment in Bitcoin, while others ask for payment in forms of government-issued currency like US Dollars or Euros.
How Does Dev0 Ransomware Work?
Dev0 Ransomware is designed to encrypt files on a computer and then ask for payment or information in exchange for the decryption keys. Dev0 Ransomware deviates from normal ransomware viruses by asking for payment in forms of government-issued currency instead of Bitcoin. Dev0 Ransomware uses DevOps principles and Puppet automation to execute its actions, without requiring any human interaction. Dev0 Ransomware also uses a simple file format when it saves the encryption keys, as opposed to using special encrypted files (similar to AES).
Dev0 Ransomware will encrypt all of the user's data on a system, so that they can't access it until they pay an extortive ransom amount. Dev0 Ransoneware works differently from normal ransomware, as instead of using the AES encryption encryption method, Dev0 Ransomware uses a simple Base64 encoding and MIME type to save its encryption keys, without any extra protection.
How to Remove Dev0 Ransomware
Dev0 Ransomware is an advanced ransomware virus that encrypts all of the user's data on their PC. To fix this issue, a removal solution must be applied to the system. As Dev0 Ransomware uses a simple Base64 encoding and MIME type to save its encryption keys, without any extra protection, it can be easily removed with little hassle by using software like Windows Defender Offline.
To remove Dev0 Ransomware from your computer:
1) Open "Windows Defender Offline" (placed in %AppData%)
2) Run "Scan & Remove". The scan will take about 30-60 minutes and will remove all traces of Dev0 Ransomware from your computer once it finishes.
3) After the scan finishes, reboot your computer and check to see if your data is still encrypted. If it is, go back to Step 1 and run another scan.
How to Protect My Computer From Ransomware
You can easily protect your computer against ransomware with these methods:
1) Upgrade your anti-virus program to one that is up-to-date and has the most recent updates.
2) When you download files, use download managers like Microsoft Edge or Mozilla Quantum. These will scan files for malicious components and alert you to potential threats. If a suspicious file is found online, it's always best to get it from a trusted source than downloading it directly.
3) Be wary of email attachments from people who you don't know or suspect may be malicious (especially when they are asking for money), especially if they are bad PDFs that will infect your computer without warning. Use caution when opening PDFs from unknown sources.
4) Some ransomware viruses are "software defined viruses", meaning they can be found on non-malicious software with no noticeable change, and are activated by a user simply opening the file. Scan your computer for any suspicious files/attachments (such as .JPG or PDF files) with an anti-virus program before opening them.
5) Research the developer of the program you are downloading from, especially if it's an installer of some kind (Eg: HitmanPro). Make sure that you keep up to date with this developer, and always install programs at their recommended update status.