Based in 2020 census population counts, 13 states will see a change in their number of votes in the Electoral College. The trend discovered by the new counts were that the Rust Belt and upper Midwestern states will relinquish some of their electoral college votes to Sun Belt and Western states in the 2024 and 2028 elections.
New Electoral Map Penalizes New York and California
Mega-populous states California and New York also lost some electoral votes, with the beneficiaries of added votes including the states of Texas, Florida, North Carolina, Oregon, Colorado and Montana.
These changes would not have had much consequences in this past November's election, however. If the most recent contest was ran under the new rules, Biden still would have defeated former-President Donald Trump by 68 electoral votes, or 6 less than his 74-vote margin.
Conversely, Trump's winning map from 2016 would have been slightly higher, 307 electoral votes, with his smaller Rust Belt total offset up by gains in Texas, Florida and North Carolina, which has seen a recent surge in population growth.
According to reports, in the 2020 election, Biden earned 81 million votes nationally, which was the most ever in a presidential election, and defeated Trump by about 7 million votes. Biden won by flipping five states, including some key Midwestern battlegrounds Trump had taken from the Democrats in 2016. Although the electoral college vote victory seemed somewhat comfortable for Biden, in reality, he had very little margin for error as he won Georgia, Arizona and Wisconsin by less than a combined 43,000 votes.
If Trump had won those three states again, he would have won a 2nd term, and Joe Biden would have joined Hillary Clinton in 2016 and Al Gore in 2000 as Democrats who received the most total votes but lost the Electoral College.